The chainsaw is a pretty powerful but vaguely dangerous piece of technology. It can cut off a chunk of large trees easily and damage anything if not taken care of properly. One of the major problems that chainsaw users frequently complain about is the chain coming off from its place. There are several reasons for chainsaw chains becoming loose.
The first law of safety regarding chainsaws includes checking the build of the chain and its base thoroughly. The chain can become loose over time because of rough usage. A chainsaw chain needs to be checked both before and after using the machine. Without proper maintenance, the results of a loose chainsaw can be severe. Using the chainsaw over and over again without tightening it properly can permanently damage the chain and even the chainsaw base.
As a mechanic and machine enthusiast, I’ve come across several occasions where I had to face difficulties due to the fitting of the chain. If you’re facing a similar problem, the first thing to know is the different types of chain fittings and how they work.
The chainsaw is not a complex piece of machinery when it comes to the basics. It’s actually a combination of some gears and sprockets. The motor is attached to the endpoint of the chainsaw and it provides the necessary power required to drive the chain. The chain is attached to the base and it runs the speed from the motor to the outer base. The proper alignment of the chain is a must to get the highest results from a chainsaw. The chain tension is a very important thing to check every time before using the device, as the chain can come off at any time if it’s not aligned properly. You can guess the damage that can occur at times like that.
Tight the chain before using the chainsaw
To properly work with a chainsaw, you need to tighten the chain each time before using the machine. But, how can you know when to tighten the chain and when to loosen it up? To know that, you need some general knowledge of different chain positions and conditions. Mostly, there are three conditions that your chain can be in. Here are three tightening conditions of chainsaw chains!
1. Under Tightened
To know the correct tension of the chain, just simply give it a pull upwards and see how well it is attached to the base. If the chain seems to feel loose and comes off without you putting any effort, it is surely under tightened. An under tightened chain will be sluggish during operation. On top of that, the chain can come off at any time during the job and it can cause severe damage to the operator and surrounding.
An under tightened chain will not function properly and the performance will decrease in every way possible. When a chainsaw chain becomes under tightened, it loses the proper grip and as a result, can’t cut the way it’s supposed to. This causes a decrease in performance and reliability. Sometimes, if the chain is loose, it can come off while the machine is on. Just imagine something as dangerous as that flying towards you or your house. The result won’t be pretty and chances are, it will be more devastating than the effects of a wrecking ball.
2. Over Tightened
If pulling the chain does not show any effect and the chain seems to be tightly attached to the bar, the chain is over tightened and that is also not good. Over tightened chains can’t perform correctly as they are too close to the bar. This can cause negative effects to the handlebar and controlling the chainsaw will become more difficult.
Over tightened chains sometimes get stuck. The condition becomes more out of control if the machine runs at high speed. The chainsaw can stop abruptly in the middle of the operation and can even get stuck at a certain point. This can cause severe damage to the mechanical parts of the chainsaw and even cause an explosion out of the blue.
3. Properly Attached
What’s the proper position for the chain? If you give it a pull and find out a tiny space between the chain and the base, the chain is properly attached to the bar. The space between the chain and the bar is very important as it will determine the efficiency of the chainsaw. A properly attached chain will make the chainsaw perform better and lag less.
A properly attached chain will function the way it’s supposed to and you won’t have to retighten it every time. There must be a simple gap between the two surfaces in order to perform correctly. The gap should be less than half an inch.
|Chainsaw Issue||Reason Involved||Troubleshooting|
|Settings||The basic settings of the connection between the bar and the chain might be damaged or malfunctioned due to invalid dimensions||In order to change and reset the basic settings, in-depth knowledge of the structure is needed. The proper alignment is necessary along with the placement of the bar and sprocket|
|Heating||As chainsaws function through a powerful motor, the temperature rises with respect to time and it plays an important role in changing the dimensions of the chain||To get rid of the heating problem, the chainsaw must be stored at a dry place with room temperature and the device should not be used over and over again without stopping for it to cool down|
|Mechanical||The complex structure of the chainsaw can come with defects from the manufacturer or get damaged due to over-usage||If the parts are damaged slightly, they can be replaced, but if there is permanent or manufacturer defect involved, it’s better to seek professional help|
3 Reasons Chainsaw Chains Don’t Tighten
Now that we’re clear on the chain positions, it’s time to know which conditions lead the chain to become loose over time. These reasons apply to most of the chainsaw types out there in the market. Here are the reasons behind the loosening of chainsaw chains!
1. Chain Setting
The setting of the chain denotes the initial position of the chain when it was manufactured. If your chainsaw chain wasn’t properly attached to the exact position, no matter how much you try to set it to the right position, it won’t work. The setting denotes the exact position at which the chain should be on the bar. The required tension of the chain depends on the position.
When your chainsaw chain becomes loose, you need to set the chain to this exact setting in order to get the best results. Some of the chainsaws in the market have automatic adjusting levers that adjust the chain to the perfect setting after each time it’s used. There are two bolts attached to the sidebar panel that further strengthens the attachment. The bolt defines the strength of the attachment. If the bolt is misplaced or not perfectly tightened, the chain won’t be at its place for too long.
If your chainsaw had a setting error, the chain will abruptly get out of position and loosen up over time. This can happen because of a manufacturer error, rough usage, and other causes. Whatever the reason is, the only way to fix your chainsaw at this stage is to reset the settings and make sure the chain is properly aligned with the side panel. Different types of chainsaws come with different chain settings. Some are loosely fit on purpose while others require tight fits. To know if your chainsaw has a problem with its chain setting, look through the manual and find the basic information on the chain material. Steel alloys are reliable because they don’t get damaged by corrosion. Your chain setting may get damaged because of the material too. So check the material type before determining the problem associated with the chain.
2. Temperature Variation
The chainsaw is a very powerful piece of technology with a high-performing motor attached to the end. The motor runs at a very high speed and the chain runs with the power it gets from it. With high velocity, a certain rise in temperature is inevitable. I’ve seen older chainsaw models which would rise up to 50 degrees in just a couple of seconds.
The variation of temperature creates a very difficult situation for the chain. As the length of metallic substances increases along with the rise in temperature, the same goes for chainsaw chains too. When you use your chainsaw for an extended period of time, you will easily notice the change. The chain length abruptly increases to a larger size because of temperature variation. As the size increases, the chain becomes loose.
On the other hand, if the chainsaw is stored at a rather cold place, the chain will gradually tighten more as metallic materials tend to get loose when they’re stored at a cold place. That means, for the temperature variation, you would need to fix the position of the chain after and before every use. This can be very troublesome if you live in a very hot or cold country. The surrounding temperature plays a vital role in deciding the quality of the metallic chain. The chain tension will rise or fall abruptly whenever the chainsaw is used.
3. Mechanical Problem
Besides the setting error and temperature issues, there’s a bigger problem surrounding the chainsaw chain and it’s related to the mechanical side. To understand this problem properly, you need to know the basic outline of the processes in your chainsaw and what happens when you tighten or loosen the chainsaw chain.
The chain tension is calculated by the distance available between the bar and the sprocket. The internal structure of the chainsaw contains a bar, attached at one end to the sprocket with the chain attached to the whole bar. When you rotate the nut in the clockwise direction, the distance between the bar and the sprocket becomes greater. That means, the bar gets further away from the sprocket and as a result, the chain attaches itself tightly to the bar.
If your chainsaw chain becomes loose without even using it, there might be an issue with the proper settings. If the internal structure of the chainsaw malfunctions, the chain won’t stay in its place for long. If the internal structure is somehow damaged or causing defects, tightening the chain over and over again won’t work. If you’re facing this problem you should take your chainsaw to a local shop. You can do many types of maintenances all by yourself but can’t fix the mechanical issues.
How To Tighten Chainsaw Chain
As you already know the different positions of chains in the chainsaw, troubleshooting it will not be so difficult. But the most important thing to keep in mind is knowing your limits. You can’t tighten the chain too much or too little. The proportion of pressure should be at a certain level that suits the exact type of your chainsaw. To know the proper pressure value, look through the manual that was given with your chainsaw.
The steps involved are pretty easy but you need to follow them with caution. There will be a few screw openings and position shifting processes and each of these should be placed at its proper position. Even the slightest mistake can cause a lot of damage to your property and even to yourself.
To start with the process, we need some tools first. There’s a pretty widespread and popular tool called Scwrench that’s supplied with the chainsaw. It’s a general combination of a screwdriver and a wrench. This tool is pretty easy to find and works like magic in the case of chainsaw troubleshooting. Here are the steps to follow in order to tighten your chainsaw chain!
Step 1: Loosening The Nuts
To begin the troubleshooting, you need to first loosen up the nuts situated at the sidebar. The sidebar works as a support for the chain and guide bar. Loosening it up will provide easier access. Use a Husqvarna scwrench to easily remove the nut from the sidebar. Don’t forget to keep the nut at a safe place while you’re working as these tiny things have a tendency to get lost. Do this with caution as the nut is loosely connected to the base and putting too much pressure can damage the base along with the nut. I don’t think there’s anyone who would try to remove the nut while the machine is on, so always take safety precautions before attempting to troubleshoot the chainsaw.
Step 2: Rotating The Side Bar Nut
This is the main step of the tightening process. Remember, this step will include manually rotating the sidebar nut in order to tighten the chain. The pressure you need to properly tighten the chain must be decided by you only. To begin, look at the sidebar and locate the nut attached to the panel. Now, take the scwrench and rotate the nut in a clockwise direction. Each rotation will end up tightening the chain little by little. To know if your work is done, pull the chain upwards and try to feel the tension between the chain and the bar. If the chain feels properly attached, your work here is done. Pull the chain up over and over again if the pressure seems less. Rotate the nut in counterclockwise direction if the chain feels over tightened.
Step 3: Final Touch
Just like you did in the first step, attach the nut you extracted from the sidebar and make sure it’s properly attached to it. After that, pull the chain again and see if it’s tightened as expected. Give the chainsaw a go and see if the chain is working perfectly or not. If there’s any problem with the chain, repeat the steps again from the top. When the connection between the chain and the base is perfect, it will work like magic. But, due to the reasons I mentioned earlier, the chain can easily lose tension on its own even after a single-use. To make sure the chain stays in its place, you can try buying an automated chain fixing chainsaw. These chainsaws are more reliable and need less maintenance than traditional ones.
The chainsaw is a wonderful piece of technology with great power. If properly used, it can cut through almost anything. And, if it’s not handled with care, the damage can be severe. The chain of a chainsaw needs to be at the proper alignment in order to function perfectly. As I’ve mentioned all the necessary details to find out the problems with the chain and the ways you can resolve them, it won’t be so easy if you don’t remember the basics. Remember, you need to know the basic functions of machinery in order to troubleshoot it properly. So, get a hang on the basic structure and working principle from the aforementioned notes and work properly. Have a nice time ahead!